Rosacea is a common form of dermatitis, a general term that doctors use to describe skin conditions that cause redness, itchiness and dryness. Below, Dr. Tsippora Shainhouse, a dermatologist at Rapaport Dermatology of Beverly Hills explains how to identify and treat it.
What Is Rosacea?
This is a common, chronic inflammation of the skin on the face, and sometimes the scalp, eyes and chest. It can look like a mild sunburn or facial flushing, but can also present with broken blood vessels, facial warmth/burning/stinging, acne and a gradually enlarging nose or chin.
The cause of rosacea is not clear, but on some level may involve metalloproteinase-induced chronic low-level inflammation and vasospasm and dilatation of cutaneous vessels. Triggers include hot weather, hot foods (tea, soup), spicy foods, caffeine and alcohol.
How To Treat Rosacea?
Rosacea is difficult to treat, but the redness and broken blood vessels can be addressed with lasers and topical vasoconstrictors. The acne can be managed with topical and oral acne medication. Gentle washes are best for red, sensitive skin, while some acne-prone people can tolerate specific acne washes. Products with licorice root can be soothing. Green-based foundations can help tone down the redness.